Web programmers are required to be knowledgeable about the significant programming languages that aid the design process of a website. It is important to be conversant in HTML, PHP, ASP.NET and several others to create customized, dynamic and highly interactive websites for small to medium and large businesses.
The growth in the demand of interactive websites has led to the usage of more sophisticated languages. With them, database-powered and dynamic websites can be created easily. These advanced languages include PHP, ASP.NET, JSP, Perl, ColdFusion, and many more. They either fall in the category of proprietary or open-source languages, both enjoying own share of application in programming a site. They have actually descended from varied ancestors called shell languages, mark-up languages, scripting languages and conventional programming languages.
Languages That Have Shaped the Web
There are many programming languages which have created innumerable web pages and developed thousands of applications.
HTML, invented by Tim Berners-Lee is the first in the league of web programming languages. It is the primary markup language used in the generation of web pages. It is also the lingua franca comprehended by all World Wide Web (WWW) clients. The most important characteristic of this language is that it is compatible to all operating system (OS) platforms, such as Windows, Linux, Mac or Unix. The computational power of HTML is limited.
PHP is the most popular open source language which can create customized websites with user-friendly content management system (CMS). Being open source, PHP can be customized for any type of operating system.
ASP.NET (Active Server Pages The.NET Framework), the infrastructure for Microsoft .NET platform can be deployed for flexible running of web applications and web services. This language runs inside IIS and comes free of cost with Windows servers. The language aids execution of script by Internet server. Another characteristic of ASP.NET is to utilize C # or VB.NET to develop web applications. The primary advantage is that ASP uses less amount of code to program, but is only restricted to Windows platform.
Java is a potent object-oriented programming language, which includes the implementation of embedded Java code in the server; soon after it the page is returned to the browser for display. In modern context, lots of interactivity that can be found on a website runs through java scripts (change of image, text color change on mouse rollover).
Perl is another in the category of open-source languages. Cold Fusion is a much easier option for connecting to database and creating dynamic web applications.
Which programming language to choose – this might lead you to confusion. But confusions can be cleared as you seek advice from web programming experts, who can guide you with the best suggestions. Java programs which are run on Unix platforms are compatible to Windows or MAC system.